Ovulation is a vital phase in a woman’s menstrual cycle when a mature egg is released from the ovary, making it available for fertilisation. While ovulation is a natural process, some women experience discomfort in the form of pain and cramping during this period.

What is Ovulation Pain?

Ovulation pain, also known as mittelschmerz (German for “middle pain”), refers to the mild to moderate abdominal discomfort experienced by some women during ovulation. This pain typically occurs around the midpoint of the menstrual cycle, usually between days 14 and 16 in a 28-day cycle.

Causes of Ovulation Pain

The precise cause of ovulation pain is consuming a lot of inflammatory foods that can contribute to discomfort during your period.  Highly processed and foods high sugar as well as fatty and greasy foods are common culprits. Some of us tend to forget how much of what we eat affects us physically, mentally and spiritually.  Research has shown that by eating a plant based diet can work wonders for your menstrual cycle. Not only can it ease discomfort but it may also improve overall menstrual health.  Another 2018 study in Spain revealed that women who consumed fizzy drinks and meat were more likely to experience pain during their cycles compared to those individuals who incorporated more fruit and vegetables in their diet.  A 2020 study discovered that women who consumed fewer than two servings of fruit per day were more prone to experiencing menstrual pain.

It’s really important to keep this in mind and try and eat more organic healthy fruits and veggies and give your body the vital nutrients it needs by nourishing your body with wholesome plant foods.  By doing this you can potentially alleviate discomfort and promote a happier more balanced cycle. Menstrual cycles should be short and light and bleeding for 5-7 days isn’t normal.  PMS, cramps and blood clots are not normal and are a sign of mineral deficiency. Menstrual cycles should not be painful and you should only lose 4 tablespoons of blood over a course of 72 hours. Feeling pain on your cycle has become normalised hence why women think it’s normal.

Benefits of Massage during your Menstrual Cycle

Massage therapy is good at reducing menstrual cramps. as well as other symptoms associated with PMS. Relaxing tense muscle and increasing blood flow to the affected areas. It also promotes relaxation, calmness and reduces stress and the intensity of the pain. It also triggers the release of endorphins, which are natural painkillers that can help reduce the severity of cramps.  However, it is important to remember that massage therapy isn’t a substitute for medical treatment for severe period cramps but it can be helpful reducing discomfort to improve overall well-being.


Giving yourself a massage is a great way to relieve cramps and other symptoms of PMS.  Massaging with oils or giving yourself a compression massage in the affected area are an effective way to provide relief.  Ginger, Chamomile or Peppermint Essential oils can help reduce cramping as they contain anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties that can help reduce the severity.

Differentiating Ovulation Pain from Other Conditions

It’s important to differentiate ovulation pain from other underlying conditions that may cause similar symptoms. Conditions such as endometriosis, appendicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts can also present with abdominal pain. Consulting a healthcare provider is crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Persistent or severe abdominal pain could indicate another problem that requires medical attention.


STD’s like chlamydia can cause scarring around the fallopian tubes if left untreated, which can case abdominal pain and fertility problems. Other symptoms to look out for include painful urination and unusual vaginal discharge.  Unfortunately, many STD’s don’t have any symptoms at all.

Scar Tissue

Scarring due to a C-section or other abdominal surgery can restrict the ovaries and surrounding structures, potentially resulting in severe ovulation pain and problems getting pregnant.

When to seek medical help

To rule out conditions such as appendicitis or an ectopic pregnancy, seek medical if you experience a new or sudden, severe pain in your lower abdomen, or if the pain lasts more than a couple of days.

Also contact your GP if abdominal pains are accompanied by:

Sickness and vomiting


Diarrhoea or constipation

Early signs of pregnancy and/or positive pregnancy test

Vaginal bleeding between periods

Foul smelling or unusual vaginal discharge

Ovulation pain and cramping isn’t normal. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and natural management strategies can help women navigate this phase of their menstrual cycle with greater ease. Remember, if you have any concerns or the pain becomes severe, it’s always best to consult with your GP for proper evaluation and guidance.

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